You hear media outlets talk about how infrastructure,
including bridges, is “crumbling” in America, often as a justification for increased federal spending. Chris Edwards at Downsizing the Federal Government examines that claim and finds it disingenuous at best. While it’s true that one bridge in nine is “structurally deficient”, that ratio has dropped by 50% in twenty years.
Newspapers have been full of such infrastructure stories in recent years. Pro-spending lobby groups such as ASCE have certainly pumped-up public concerns. America’s highways are becoming more congested, and we should have a discussion about how to finance needed expansions in capacity.
But the popular “crumbling bridges” theme is a bit of a scam. Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) data does show that one in nine bridges are structurally deficient. However, the WSJ doesn’t tell its readers that the share of bridges that are deficient has been steadily declining for two decades, as the chart below reveals.
In 2012, 66,749 of the nation’s 607,380 bridges were structurally deficient, which is 11 percent, or one in nine, as the WSJ reports. But that’s down from 124,072 out of 572,629 bridges, or 22 percent in 1992, according to FHWA.